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108 names of Durga

[Śiva speaks] O Pārvatī, the One Who has a lotus-like face! I am telling You those one-hundred and eight names, by the means of which Durgā or Satī can be pleased.||1||

1) Satī, the daughter of Dakṣa; 2) Sādhvī, the Sanguine; 3) Bhavaprītā, loved by the universe; 4) Bhavānī, the abode of the universe; 5) Bhavamocanī, the absolver of the universe; 6) Āryā; 7) Durgā; 8) Jayā; 9) Ādyā, the beginning reality; 10) Trinetrā, having three-eyes; 11) Śūladhāriṇī, holding a monodent; 12) Pinākadhāriṇī, Who holds the trident of Śiva; 13) Citrā; 14) Caṇḍaghaṇṭā, having mighty bells¹; 15) Mahātapā, with severe penance; 16) Manas, mind; 17) Buddhi, wisdom; 18) Ahańkārā, pride; 19) Cittarūpā, thought-state; 20) Citā, death-bed; 21) Citi, the thinking mind; 22) Sarvamantramayī, possessing all the instruments of thought; 23) Sattā, above all; 24) Satyānandasvarūpiṇī, eternal bliss; 25) Anantā, infinite or beyond measure; 26) Bhāvinī, beautiful woman; 27) Bhāvyā, future; 28) Bhavyā, with splendor; 29) Abhavyā, improper or fear-causing²; 30) Sadāgati, always bestowing Mokṣa; 31) Śāmbhavī, consort of Śambhu; 32) Devamātā; 33) Cintā, thoughts; 34) Ratnapriyā, adorned or loved by jewels; 35) Sarvavidyā, abode of knowledge; 36) Dakṣakanyā, that is Satī, daughter of Dakṣa; 37) Dakṣayajñavināśinī, destroyer of the sacrifice of Dakṣa³; 38) Aparṇā; 39) Anekavarṇā, having many complexions (for example: Kālī, Gaurī); 40) Pāṭalā, red in color; 41) Pāṭalāvatī, wearing a red-color apparel; 42) Paṭṭāmbaraparidhānā, wearing a dress made of leather; 43) Kalamañjīrarañjinī, wearing a melodious anklet; 44) Ameyā, immeasurable; 45) Vikramā, fierce; 46) Krūrā, cruel (on demons); 47) Sundarī; 48) Surasundarī; 49) Vanadurgā; 50) Mātańgī; 51) Matańgamunipūjitā, prayed by Sage Matańga; 52) Brāhmī; 53) Māheśvarī; 54) Caindrī; 55) Kaumārc; 56) Vaiṣṇavī× 57) Cāmuṇḍā; 58) Vārāhī; 59) Lakṣmī; 60) Puruṣākṛti, taking the form of a man; 61) Vimalotkarṣiṇī, providing joy; 62) Jñānā; 63) Kriyā; 64) Nityā, eternal one; 65) Buddhidā, bestower of wisdom; 66) Bahulā, numerous in forms; 67) Bahulapremā, generously benevolent; 68) Sarvavāhanavāhanā, sits or rides all vehicles; 69-72) Slayer of Śumbha and Niśumbha, Mahiṣāsura, Madhu and Kaiṭabha, and Caṇḍa and Muṇḍa; 73) Sarvāsuravināśā, destroyer of all demons; 74) Sarvadānavaghātinī, causes injury to all the demons; 75) Sarvaśāstramayī, deft in all theories; 76) Satyā; 77) Sarvāstradhāriṇī, possessor of all the missile weapons; 78) Anekaśastrahastā, possessor of many hand weapons; 79) Anekāstrasya Dhāriṇī, possessor of many missile weapons; 80) Kumārī; 81) Ekakanyā; 82) Kaiśorī; 83) Yuvatī; 84) Yatī; 85) Aprauḍhā, who never gets old; 86) Prauḍhā, who is old; 87) Vṛddhamātā, old mother (loosely); 88) Balapradā, bestower of strength; 89) Mahodarī, gigantic abdomen which stores the universe; 90) Muktakeśā, having open tresses; 91) Ghorarūpā, having a fierce outlook; 92) Mahābalā, having immense strength; 93) Agnijvālā, poignant like fire; 94) Raudramukhī, having a fierce face like universe-destroying Rudrā; 95) Kālarātrī; 96) Tapasvinī; 97) Nārāyaṇī; 98) Bhadrakālī; 99) Viṣṇumāyā; 100) Jalodarī, abode of the ethereal universe; 101) Śivadūtī; 102) Karālī, fierce; 103) Anantā, immeasurable; 104) Parameśvarī; 102) Kātyāyanī; 106) Sāvitrī; 107) Pratyakṣā; 108) Brahmavādinī.||2—16||

Those who daily read these 108 names from Durgā Stotram, find nothing impossible in the three worlds.||16|| They receive benefits like wealth, luxury, offspring and lineage, elephants, four things — dharma, artha, kaam, moksha, and in the end are liberated eternally.||17||

Having prayed and meditated upon Devī, Kumarī, and the Goddess of demi-gods, worship Her with devotion using this stotra.||18|| O Goddess! The king who prays in the above manner and attains perfection (siddhi), attains his kingdom, and splendor back from everyone including the demi-gods.||19||

Those who write a yantra (diagram) of this stotra with Gomūtra (literally cow's urine), Āltā (a red color pigment), Kuńkuma, Sindūra, Camphor, and Honey, and keep it in hand, becomes similar to Śiva [as a devotee].||20|| The one who writes and recites this eulogy during Bhauma new moon night attains every worldly luxury.||21||

Notes:

¹ In wars with demons, Pārvatī uses bell-clamor to disturb and create fear in Her opponents.

² The Kālikā form of Pārvatī is the fear-causing one.

³ According to an ancient story, Dakṣa performed a sacrifice without inviting Śiva, the consort of Satī. Not only that, Dakṣa, in front of his daughter Satī, accused and abused Śiva. Angry at this and dispassioned about Her birth from Dakṣa's body, Satī decided to destroy the sacrifice and take re-birth as Pārvatī. Since then She is called as Dakṣayajñavināśinī. This story can be found in many Purāṇas.

× Names 52) to 56) describe Goddess as compliment of Brahma, Śiva, Candra, Kārtikeya, and Viṣṇu, respectively.

Poet: Mārkaṇḍeya

Source: Durgāsaptaśatī

Translator: Animesh Kumar

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