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Salutations for You, Who has the three forms of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva, Who was the only being before the creation, Who divided (the universe) into the three qualities (guṇa), and Who became manifold thereafter.[2.4] O Brahmā, Who is the unborn One! That ever-sprouting seed which was cast by you in the midst of the waters, from that the universe — comprised of the inert and the ambulant (came into existence). You are hailed as its progenitor.[2.5]
Bringing forth your glory by the means of your three states (of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva), You, Who is the One, become the cause of generation, protection and destruction.[2.6] The feminine and the masculine are the divisions of Your own, of One whose form was split (into two) out of a desire to sire. These two came to be known as the mother and the father of the creation forming a part of the (process of) generation.[2.7]
The sleep and the awakening of Yours, Who has split (time) into night and day as per your own measurement of time, are the dissolution and appearance of the beings.1[2.8] You are the cause of the universe, and are yourself without a cause. You are the end of the world, and are without an end. You are the beginning of the universe and are without a beginning. You are the Lord of the universe, and without a Lord.[2.9]
You know Yourself by Your own self; You create Yourself by Your own self; You are absorbed in Yourself only by Your own capable self.[2.10] You are fluid and You are solid; You are infinite and You are infinitesimal; You are light and You are heavy; You are manifest and You are non-manifest; and You have Your free will in the (eight) siddhi (such as aṇimā).[2.11]
You are the cause of the speeches (hymns of the Veda), whose commencement is the ॐ, whose enunciation is by the the three rules (of udātta, anudātta and svarita), whose execution is the yajña and whose fruit is heaven.[2.12] They determine You to be the prakṛti, which incited (the beings) to the objects (of existence — dharma, artha, kāma and mokṣa). And they know You only to be the observer of the prakṛti, the indifferent puruṣa.[2.13]
You are the father of the ancestors; You are the God of the demi-gods; You are superior to (even) the most supreme, and You are the creator of the creators.[2.14] You are the offering and (also) the offerer; You are the enjoyment and (also) the enjoyer; You are the known and (also) the knower; You are the ultimate object of meditation and (also) the meditator.[2.15]
1 A day of Brahmā is said to be made of one hundred four-yuga cycles (caturyugī). The first fifty cycles is when the universe stays and in the next 50 is is dissolved.
2 The translator wishes to thank the commentary of Mallinātha for its invaluable insights.
Poet: Mahākavi Kālidāsa
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© Stutimandal 2011-05-10