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Durga Prakatya from Durga Saptashati (Emergence of Durga)


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ṛṣi spoke:[2.1]

In older times a battle between deva and asura happened for entire hundred years. In that battle the leader of asura was Mahiṣāsura and the leader of deva was Purandara Indra.[2.2] There, by the immensely strong asura, the army of deva was defeated. Having won all the deva, Mahiṣāsura became the (new) Indra.[2.3]

The defeated group of deva, having kept Brahma—Who is Prajāpati and Who is born from a lotus—in front (as a leader), went to the place where Īśa (Śaṅkara) and Garuḍadhvaja Viṣṇu were (present).[2.4] Circumstantially, the thirty-three deva as defeated by Mahiṣāsura narrated the defeat of deva (to Śiva and Viṣṇu).[2.5]

(They told that) He Mahiṣāsura is himself presides over all the authorities of Sūrya, Indra, Agni, Anila (Wind), Indu (moon), Yama, Varuṇa, and others.[2.6] Expelled from heaven by him Mahiṣāsura—who is evil-natured—the devagaṇa are living in the Earth like mortals (men) do.[2.7]

This here has narrated everything, which is the struggle due to the enemy (Mahiṣāsura) of deva. We all indeed have arrived in (your) shelter. Please think about some way of his death.[2.8] Having heard the various statements of the devagaṇa, Madhusūdana became furious. And, Śambhu and Madhusūdana were with contracted eyebrows on curled face.[2.9]

Then, by the face of Viṣṇu, Who is a wielder of cakra, and Whose face was full of extreme fury, moved out a great splendor (tejas); and, also from Brahmā and Śaṅkara.[2.10] From the body of other devagaṇa—Śakra (Indra) and others—also, a beautiful and great splendor (tejas) came out and mingled (with the previous one).[2.11]

The heap or multitude of the intense splendor (tejas) was blazing large like a mountain. The devagaṇa there saw that the splendor engulfed digantara (end of directions or visibility).[2.12] There, from that unmatched splendor (tejas)— which was born out of all the noble ones, and which became situated at one place—a Woman (nārī) came into existence and the three worlds were engulfed with (Her) radiance.[2.13]

That tejas which came from Śambhu formed that Woman’s face. From Yama, the (tejas) formed the tresses. From the tejas of Viṣṇu came the arms.[2.14] From the tejas of Saumya (moon) the two breasts were formed. From the tejas of Indra the midriff came about. From the tejas of Varuṇa, the thighs and shank were formed. From the tejas of Earth (bhuvi), the buttocks were formed.[2.15]

From the tejas of Brahmā the feet were formed, while from the tejas of Sūrya, its toes were formed. From the tejas of Vasu the fingers were formed, and from the tejas of Kubera the nose was formed.[2.16] Her teeth happened to come about from the tejas of Prajāpati, and three eyes were produced by the tejas of the Fire (Pāvaka).[2.17]

From the tejas of Sandhyā the eyebrows were formed, and the ears formed from the tejas of Wind (Anila). And indeed Śivā (the Woman) was brought together by the tejas of many other devagaṇa.[2.18] Then having looked at Her—Her, Who coming to life was from the tejas collected from all the deva—the immortal deva, who were inflicted by Mahiṣāsura, became happy.[2.19]

Having produced from (His own) pike (śūla), the Pināka-holder Śiva gave a pike for Her. Having produced from His own cakra, Kṛṣṇa was a giver of cakra (to Śivā).[2.20] For her, Varuṇa gave conch (śaṅkha) and Agni (Hutāśana) gave śakti (weapon). Marut (Wind) was giver of bow and two quivers.[2.21]

Having produced from (His) own vajra, the king of deva (Indra) gave vajra for Her. The thousand-eyed Indra also gave a bell from the elephant Airāvata.[2.22] From kāladaṇḍa, Yama gave daṇḍa; and, king of water Varuṇa gave pāśa (noose); and, Prajāpati gave akṣamālā; and, Brahmā gave kamaṇḍalu.[2.23] Sun (Divākara) was a giver of His own light in all the facial hairs; and, Kāla was a giver of scymitar (khaḍga) and its immaculate spotless shield.[2.24]

Kṣīrasāgara gave ever-fresh garland and indestructible two apparels, as well as crest-jewel (cūḍāmaṇi), divine kuṇḍala and sword (kaṭaka); and, (he also gave) ardhacandra, and auspicious keyūra flowers for all the arms; and, (he also gave) spotless anklets and the best necklace; and, (he also gave) jewels for rings in all fingers; and, Viśvakarmā gave immaculate spotless axe (paraśu) for Her.[2.25-2.27]

(Viśvakarmā gave) Many astra of various make and an impregnable shield, as well as ever-fresh lotus-garland over head and over heart.[2.28] Jaladhi (ocean) gave a very beautiful lotus for Her. Himālaya gave the vehicle lion and many varieties of gems.[2.29]

The king of wealth Kubera gave a pānapātra (betel-leaf box) filled with surā, while Śeṣanāga—the king of all Nāga, and he who holds this Earth—gave a great maṇi (jewel) and a nāgahāra. The noble Devī, Who was also honored by other deva with various adornments and weapons, repeatedly roared with a loud laughter. By Her intense roar, the entire sky was filled with sound.[2.30-2.32]

That great roar (of Devī) had a great echo (reverberation). All the worlds got agitated and all the oceans shook (in response).[2.33] The Earth had quakes. All the mountains shook. The devagaṇa with happiness spoke thus to Her, Who is conveying along on a lion—be victorious.[2.34] And, sages—whose self was respectful due to devotion—eulogized Her.


Poet: ṛṣi

Book: Durgāsaptaśatī

Translator: Animesh Kumar

Submitter: Animesh Kumar


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Date added: 2016-01-04
Last modified: 2016-01-04
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